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Ultimate Beginner's Guideto Electric Scooters

How to Choose the Best Electric Scooter for You

Here’s the ultimate beginner’s guide to electric scooters including what you should know before buying, resources for how to select a scooter, what the scooter buying process is like, and e-scooter basics so you know what to maintain, how frequently, and where to get replacement parts.

5 Things to Know Before Buying

4. Expect DIY Maintenance

As more PEVs hit the streets, more electric scooter service centers are opening up -- but you can avoid downtime by learning basic maintenance skills. Some examples include tuning disc brakes, changing tires or inner tubesrefilling hydraulic fluid, and replacing brake pads. Keep in mind that luxury scooters like luxury cars tend to require less wrenching because they’re so well constructed.

💡 Scooter Fact

Yogi Steve (Electric Scooter Academy) has ridden thousands of miles on electric scooters around Los Angeles, mostly on premium, high performance Dualtron electric scooters. At his 2,000 mile mark, he had to do normal maintenance including changing brakes (discs/pads) and tires, but had zero issues.

5. Shop the Best Scooters for You

Seek the best balance of performance and portability that you need AND are capable of handling. If your e-scooter is replacing your car for daily transportation, your driving experience and how you plan to use it will help you select the best electric scooter. We categorize scooters as beginner, commuter, luxury commuter, and expert based on both the scooter’s performance and expected ability of the rider.

💡 Scooter Fact

Just because it’s the newest, fastest scooter doesn't mean it's the best for you. If you haven’t been riding on two wheels (bikes, BMX, motorcycles, other PEV), there’s a rather steep learning curve.

Electric Scooters: Beginner to Expert

Although it doesn’t take long to gain experience riding an electric scooter, some high performance models are more than most can handle (in speed and physical weight).

An electric scooter’s specs will greatly impact its cost and performance – just like cars – and advanced vehicles need experienced drivers. Do you know how to drive a Formula 1 car? Not without prior experience, and you should expect the same riding scooters.

If your experience is limited to riding rental scooters, even our beginner model, the EMOVE Touring, will be a huge level up in performance – about 10-15 mph (15-24 km/h) higher top speed and triple the range of shared scooters.

With a year or more experience riding PEV, you’ve probably figured out how fast and far you’re comfortable riding, and looking for more advanced features.

Here’s categories for beginner, commuter, luxury commuter, and expert electric scooters, matching rider experience with estimated top speed, estimated range, and feature package.

☑️ Performance | How much can I handle and how do I plan to use it?

If you’re going to ride long distances you may want a seat, but only if you don’t need a compact scooter. Whether you’re riding recreationally or commuting daily, your riding environment, riding experience and size (height and weight) create the framework for how you should shop

☑️ Portability | Do I need to bring it up stairs, put it in a trunk or carry it in general?

Often, the “higher” the scooter’s performance, the higher its weight is to match. If you want uber powerful, you won’t also get uber portable, so balance your wants with what’s practical given your live/work environment.

☑️ Repairability | Can I perform scooter repairs or find a service center, or would I rather pay more up front to do less long-term?

As you learn more about scooter maintenance, you’ll find that more expensive models often require less upkeep. That doesn’t mean you won’t have to do some repairs — with tire/tube and brake adjustments being the most common — but will likely deal with fewer issues.

☑️ Safety/Security | Do I have easily accessible indoor storage and will I have to leave it unattended?

E-scooters shouldn’t be exposed to the elements for long periods of time, so ensuring you have a proper place to secure and store your ride (and space enough to do so) is essential. Most scooters have pre-installed security features but you should secure them with a U-lock or chain lock when in public.

Electric Scooter DiscountsWho doesn’t want a discount on an electric scooter? We’ve got you covered

Find out more about our promotions  here. You can also join the  VORO Rewards program to earn rebates in our store.

How to Prepare for Electric Scooter Ownership

As you’re waiting for your scooter to come, watch demos so you’ll be ready to ride as soon as it arrives. If you’ve never ridden an electric scooter before, start with our beginner’s riding guide.Got questions? Schedule aVORO Onboarding video call, so our customer support team can walk you through what you want to know about your new scooter at your pace.  Find scooter-specific unboxing and setup demos, maintenance how-to’s and other helpful information in ourextensive self-help center(FAQs).

Electric Scooter Batteries

Most electric scooters containlithium ion (li-ion) batteriesstored in the deck. Thevoltageis the number of cells in a pack. Thecapacity  that can be stored is measured in amp-hours (Ah). In general, the higher the amps, the longer the runtime.
Here’s two extremes: the EMOVE Touring has a 48V 13 Ah battery for 624 Wh of capacity or about 30 miles (48 km) of range; the Dualtron X2 has a 72V 42Ah battery for 3024 Wh (almost 5X the capacity) for about 91 miles (146 km) of range. Well-constructed batteries are monitored and regulated by aBMS  (battery management system).

Pros and Cons of li-ion batteries

➕ Charges quickly and lasts long
➕ Excellent energy density
➕ Regulated by a BMS
➖ High demand increases cost and scarcity
➖ Susceptible to damage in extreme temperatures
➖ Improper care can make the battery/scooter inoperable

Here are some charging don’ts (with do’s)

  • Don’t leave the charger plugged in.  Plug the charger into the wall outlet, then the charging cable into the scooter. Although keeping it plugged in is unlikely to cause an explosion, it can corrode the cathode and shorten capacity.
  • Don’t rapidly charge or discharge the battery within 1 hour.  Habitually using a fast charger or riding at max speed until the battery is completely dead will degrade your battery. For best battery health, use the standard charger and try not to burn through your battery in under 1 hour.
  • Don’t fully charge the battery before and after riding. Optimally, ride your scooter when the battery is between 30% and 80%. Operating within this range can elongate battery life dramatically. There’s no need to top your battery to 100% if you have enough charge to get where you need to go.
  • Don’t charge your battery in freezing temperatures.  Charging your scooter when temps are below 32℉ is not recommended as it can greatly reduce your capacity. It’s ideal to charge when the temperature is between 33℉ and 113℉.
  • Don’t store your scooter when the battery power is 0% or 100%.  Store it at around 40% capacity for best long-term storage results. Make sure to check your scooter periodically if you have electronics that slowly drain the battery (like security features).

Electric Scooter Tires

Pneumatic Tires VS Solid Tires

All electric scooter tires are made of rubber, but some are solid and others are air-filled. The air inside  pneumatic (air-filled) tires  means they conform to the road and provide great traction, but the interior cavity makes them susceptible to flats when punctured.  Solid tires conform much less to the road resulting in poorer traction, but their robust, heavy build means they’re flat-proof. If a scooter has  mixed tires, it has an air-filled front tire and solid rear tire.

Because they provide better performance and long-term repairability, you’ll find air-filled tires on commuter scootersluxury commuter scooters, and expert scooters ranging in diameter from 10” to 15” with a width between 2” to 4”. In general, as tire size increases, so does stability.

The tread and  contact patch(surface area that hits the ground) affect how much traction you can get.  Off-road tireshave taller tread with a wider contact patch for more stable riding on unstable terrain.  Street tires generally have a lower tread and rounded profile for nimble, sharper turns on smoother roads.

Inner Tube VS Tubeless Tires

Pneumatic (air-filled) tires come in two main styles: inner tube and tubeless. In  tubed tires (inner tube), the air is sealed inside tubing with an exterior tire,while tubeless tireshave only an exterior tire and seal directly to the rim.Tubeless tires can include  tire sealant to prevent punctures from causing air to leak. These are also known asself-sealing tires, run-flat tires or no-flat tires.